Anal Fissure

Body has its own linings all over the internal as well as on external parts. This lining is skin, on the external level and on the internal level this is mucosal lining. Skin is harder and capable of handling the rashes and scars but not the mucosal lining of the body. Mucosal linings, which are exposed to the external environment, are two- mucosal lining in mouth and second one is in anus. These two causes problems with the body. Buccal cavity mucosal membrane might face the problems like ulcers and mucosal membrane in the colon and anal region can cause colitis and once these scars appear on anal ring this is known as Anal Fissure!

Fissure is a furrow or a cut and anal is for anal ring- so anal fissure is a cut like condition in the anal ring!

Anus is an important part as it controls the movements of the excreta from the body. Once the stool is excessively hard, this leaves a scar on the ring and it causes this painful condition of anal fissure. Anal fissure is confused with the piles for a laymen and the main difference in piles and anal fissure is- the pain initiates just after passing the stool and if the cut is fresh there you can see a lining of the blood on the stool.

This is a condition of Vata aggravation. Once Vata is aggravated, it brings dryness in the body and due to this dryness is increased in the body it dries up the stool. Once this stool is passed forcefully through the anus, this stool cuts the linings of the mucosal membrane on the anal ring. Passing the stool there will be immense irritation on the anal ring and this irritation can increase to sever pain too.

There is one other condition in which Anal fissure can occur in the body and this is the shrinkage of the anal ring. Once this ring is tight to pass the stool, body exerts the maximum pressure on the ring to pass the stool and in this process there will be damage to this ring.

In this second condition, if we check the Dosha, it will be Vata again because this is the Vata Dosha which causes and brings constriction in the muscles.

Treatment of the Anal fissure is based on two things, one is the healing of the cuts and second is the removal of the cause like hard stool or constricted anal ring. So the treatment for anal fissure will be done in two stages always.

For better understanding read the article here-

Sign and Symptoms of Anal fissure
Ayurvedic Treatment of Anal fissure
Ayurvedic Supplements for Anal fissure
Diet & Lifestyle Recommendations for Anal fissure