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Doshas and Treatment
This entire universe is regulated by the forces of Air, Sun and Moon. These three are responsible for harmony as well as the disturbances in the universe. These three forces are represented by Tridoshas i.e. Vata, Pitta and Kapha in human body. As long as these are in harmony the fellow will be healthy; any disturbance among these will result in a diseased condition. So in Ayurveda the main line of treatment is always aimed towards creating harmony among these three Doshas.
These three Doshas regulate all the systems of the body physically and the psychological part of the body as well. So when we are targeting towards harmonizing the Doshas actually we are aiming towards complete health of the fellow.
As per Ayurveda the main line of treatments are Shamana and Shodhana. Shamana is to pacify the aggravated Dosha within the body while in Shodhana the aggravated Doshas are expelled out of the body. As per the condition of the patient and level of disease these are applied for the treatment purpose.
When it is about the Shamana treatment Tail is indicated for harmonizing the Vata Dosha; Ghee harmonizes the Pitta Dosha while Honey balances the Kapha Dosha.
The Shodhana treatment is given according to the location of the Doshas in the body. As Vata is located in the lower one third of the body so the treatment involved will be applied in this region.
The Shodhana treatment for the Vata diseases is the Basti therapy. As Vata is the only active Dosha in the body and rest two are dependent on Vata for their activities; so by harmonizing the Vata Dosha indirectly we are harmonizing all the three Doshas. This is the reason the Basti treatment is told as half of all the treatments. Some scholars of Ayurveda also told the Basti treatment as the complete treatment.
The area of the Pitta Dosha is the middle one third of the body so the treatment involved will work on this region.
The aggravated Pitta is expelled out of the body by Virechana i.e. therapeutic purgation.
The Kapha Dosha dominates in the upper one third of the body and the nearest exit for the upper one third is mouth so the aggravated Kapha is expelled out of the body by Vamana therapy i.e. therapeutic vomiting.
All this was about the treatment at physical level. For complete health; we cannot leave the psychic part. It is the Vata Dosha which specially affects a fellow on psychic level and makes him restless and anxious. To calm down the Vata Dosha on psychological level Ayurveda recommends for the relaxation and nourishing treatments. As the Vata aggravation always causes restlessness and depletion of nutrition. To harmonize the Vata Dosha on psychological level and to calm down the restless mind Ayurveda recommends for Shirodhara procedure. In this procedure a constant stream of fluid (medicated oil/ medicated milk/ buttermilk/ decoction of herbs) is allowed to fall on the forehead in to and fro motion.
According to Ayurveda nose is the gateway of the brain. The medicines given through the nasal route – Nasya; directly work on the brain. So the nasal medicines nourish the brain tissues directly. Besides nourishing; Ayurveda also talks about certain cleansing Nasyas which expel out the aggravated Doshas from head and neck region.
In this way when we are targeting towards harmonizing all the three Doshas, we are working for the complete Health in all aspects!!!