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Sign and Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids
Fibroids are most common problems in these days. No one is certain what causes uterine fibroids, but changing estrogen levels seem to play a part in their growth. When estrogen levels are high, as a result of pregnancy or contraceptive pills, for example, the rate of fibroid growth increases. About 20 per cent of women of childbearing age have uterine fibroids but they are not usually found in women under 30 years old. They rarely appear in young women before they begin menstruating. As a woman approaches the menopause and her estrogen levels decrease, uterine fibroids are likely to shrink or almost disappear. Apart from being a woman of reproductive age, no other risk factors for fibroids have been found.
Uterine fibroids, which are also called leiomyoma or myoma of the uterus, can grow on the uterine wall and push out into the bladder, bowel or intestine. They can also grow within the uterine wall, or even project from the wall of the uterus on a narrow stalk into the uterine cavity. Fibroids can be as small as a pea or as large as a football and are almost always benign, no matter how large they get. Having uterine fibroids does not increase your risk of cancer. If a fibroid or cluster of fibroids is particularly large or is growing on the outside of the uterine wall, it can sometimes push the uterus aside or force it to grow abnormally. A uterine growth may also put pressure on the bladder or intestines. On rare occasions, a large fibroid may block the opening of the uterus. In that case, a pregnant woman may need to have a caesarean delivery.
Types of Fibroids: - Fibroids can develop on the outside of the uterus, in the wall of the uterus, or inside the uterine cavity.
- Fibroids that develop on the outside, called “subserosal” fibroids, don’t usually affect fertility,
- Fibroids that develop in the cavity, “submucosal” fibroids, have the worst effect on fertility.
- Fibroid that grows within the uterine wall “intramural” fibroid.
Fibroids in Ayurveda
The names given to Fibroids in Ayurveda are Arbuda and Granthi. Ayurveda suggests that Dosha imbalance in the muscles in the body can lead to the growth of Arbuda or Granthi. The three Doshas namely Vata, Pitta and Kapha when aggravated may weaken the body’s immune system and give way to diseases.
Ayurveda refers to tumors as Rakta Gulma and attributes it to the impurity in the blood. Depending upon the Dosha type of the affected person and the Dosha vitiation the course of treatment is decided.
The fatty substances that constitute the tissues namely ‘Medha’, the fat muscles known as ‘Mamsa’, and blood get affected by the Dosha aggravation and show various symptoms depending on the nature of the Dosha disturbance.
Types of Fibroids
The fibroids may be of different types depending upon the Dosha vitiation and the nature of the tumor.
Vata: Tumors caused by Vata aggravation are large in size accompanied by intestinal bleeding. They are malignant (cancerous) and can be identified by the dark color of the menstrual blood that is thin and also dry. The person may have symptoms like sleeplessness, constipation, dryness of skin and body aches.
Pitta: Fibroids are caused due to inflammation or infection and may be malignant. It is accompanied by burning sensation, acidity, thirst and excessive bleeding known as menorrhagia and infection of the urinary and genital systems.
Kapha: The tumor is usually big in size and grows slowly. The affected person feels lethargy, heaviness of body, excessive sleep and menorrhagia containing plenty of blood clots.
Medoj Arbuda: These fatty tumors may be made up of fluid, mucus and sebaceous material usually related to problems related to obesity.
Mamsa Arbuda: They are muscular fiber growth and are immobile, smooth and hard. These fibroids are from different origins.
- Sex during the menses,
- Uncertain concerns about abortion,
- Exposure to cold especially on menses,
- Suppression of urge for urination, defecation or flatulence,
- History of scarring from ‘dilatation and curettage’, and many more
- Insufficient exercise,
- Excess food intake,
- Low thyroid function
- Accumulation of Ama
- Psychological problems
Many women never even know they have uterine fibroids. If symptoms do exist, they may include:
- Painful periods
- Prolonged and heavy menstrual bleeding
- Infrequent or uncomfortable urination
- Pressure in the lower abdomen
- Pelvic pain
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