Sign and Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck just below the voice box. It releases hormones that control metabolism.

Common causes of hypothyroidism:

  • The most common cause of hypothyroidism is inflammation of the thyroid gland, which damages the gland's cells. Autoimmune or Hashimoto's thyroiditis, in which the immune system attacks the thyroid gland,
  • Some women develop hypothyroidism after pregnancy; often referred to as "post-partum thyroiditis".
  • Radiation treatments to the neck to treat different cancers,
  • Radioactive iodine used to treat an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
  • Surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland, done to treat other thyroid problems
  • Viral thyroiditis, which may cause hyperthyroidism and is often followed by temporary or permanent hypothyroidism
  • Certain drugs can cause hypothyroidism, including Drugs used for hyperthyroidism’ Lithium, Radiation to the brain, Sheehan syndrome - a condition that may occur in a woman who bleeds severely during pregnancy or childbirth and causes destruction to the pituitary gland

Risk factors include:

  • Age over 50 years
  • Being female


  • Being more sensitive to cold
  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Fatigue or feeling slowed down
  • Heavier menstrual periods
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Paleness or dry skin
  • Thin, brittle hair or fingernails
  • Weakness
  • Weight gain (unintentional
  • Decreased taste and smell
  • Hoarseness
  • Puffy face, hands, and feet
  • Slow speech
  • Thickening of the skin
  • Thinning of eyebrows


A physical examination may reveal a smaller than normal thyroid gland, although sometimes the gland is normal size or even enlarged (goiter). The examination may also reveal:

  • Brittle nails
  • Coarse facial features
  • Pale or dry skin, which may be cool to the touch
  • Swelling of the arms and legs
  • Thin and brittle hair


Laboratory tests to determine thyroid function include:

  • TSH test
  • T4 test

Lab tests may also reveal:

  • Anemia on a complete blood count (CBC)
  • Increased cholesterol levels
  • Increased liver enzymes
  • Increased prolactin
  • Low sodium

Articles you should read:

Ayurveda About Hypothyroidism
Ayurvedic Treatment of Hypothyroidism
Ayurvedic Supplements for Hypothyroidism
Recommendations for Hypothyroidism


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