Sign and Symptoms of Hyperacidity

You are in a party and table is full of mouth watering dishes. You wish to eat all of them but suddenly your consciousness stops you for doing so as it has learnt that after few minutes there will be excessive burning in stomach. This might be the condition that you are having antacid tablet in your pocket which will make you able to eat any of the dishes. But on long run it will result in more severe conditions like Bone pain, Constipation, Feeling of discomfort, Loss of appetite, Mood or mental changes, Muscle weakness, swelling of wrists or ankles, and Weight loss are few of them. Once you are taking Antacid which does nothing more than neutralizing the acid in stomach and make you relieved for few minutes or hours; the intelligence of body will say that the acid prepared is not enough to carry out the normal digestion. So next time the stomach will produce the more acid with stronger power. So the Antacids are doing more bad than doing good for body.

Causes of Hyperacidity

Excess production of acids in stomach is termed as the hyperacidity. There are varieties of reasons which cause excess acid production. The most important among these are:

  • Excessive use of the oily and spicy foods
  • Anxiety, depression and anger
  • Irregular eating habits.
  • Consumption of Maida products in large quantity.
  • To use more leafy vegetables (Some may think these are curative?)
  • Sleeping just after taking meal.
  • Drinking of excessive water (People do it by themselves, as they think water can relieve them?)
  • To not to sleep in night, long working hours.
  • Addictive use of the caffeine and nicotine products.
  • Constipation
  • Carbonated drinks
  • Wrong combinations of food items, Incompatible Food items!

According to Ayurveda hyperacidity is known as Amlapitta, this is a disease caused by the excessive acidic nature of Pitta inside the body. All the causes enlisted above are those, which basically increase the Pitta Dosha inside the body. Amlapitta associated with the constipation is known as the Vidagdh-ajeerna. Symptoms of both of these are similar. There is only one difference in these conditions that is; Vidagdh-ajeerna occurs following constipation and Amlapitta may occur without constipation also.

Pathogenesis of Hyperacidity:

Normally interior of the stomach is well protected against the corrosive nature of the acid; by a lining of mucus which covers it all along its interior. When because of the any of the above said reasons the stomach is manufacturing the stronger and more quantity of the acid; erosions appear in this mucus lining and acid comes in direct contact with the walls of the stomach.  When this erosion is on a normal level, nerves lying there start sending message of burning in the stomach, which is basically known as Hyperacidity. And when we don't control these secretions, it lead to the peptic ulcers and then perforation in the stomach walls might happen. 

In Ayurveda, hyperacidity may be an expression of excessive digestive enzymes (Pachaka Pitta) due to stimulation from Vata. This excessive enzyme secretion will dry the mucous (Kapha Dhara Kala) lining of the stomach, leading to irritation, hyper secretion, acidity, and eventually ulceration. There are two common causes of this type of Vata stimulation:

  • Samana Vata— This type of Vata normally stimulates the digestive enzymes while eating. It is the controller of digestion and relates the state of mind. If one is stressed and hurried during a meal, skips a meal, or eats fast, non digestible food, these stressors will affect the quality of digestion.
  • Apana Vata— This type of Vata is in the intestinal tract. It is often siphoned upward through the enteric cycle into the liver and digestive organs. This reversed flow of the Apana Vata can excessively stimulate the digestive enzyme in the stomach and irritate the stomach lining. Subsequently, Apana Vata can then be drawn upward from an already aggravated Pitta .Also, Apana Vata may increase as a result of stress. Along the way, the Apana would stimulate the digestive enzyme and leave the seat of Vata in the intestines depleted.

Pitta is at the root of such a disorder. This is typically seen in a Pitta constitution with a Pitta imbalance. Pitta constitution types are the ones who eat fast without awareness and have a very hectic lifestyle. Pitta, which increases by the etiological factors (especially with its acid state), results in hyperacidity. This state of Pitta is burnt out to cause acid eructation.

Thus hyperacidity is a hypersecretory disorder of the stomach and duodenum. It involves the pathological state of Pitta locally and blood systemically

Common Symptoms of Hyperacidity

  • A steady pain of short duration in upper abdomen immediately following a large or spicy meal
  • Nausea, vomiting, and loss of desire to eat which may persist for 1-2 days
  • Heartburn or sour belching
  • Early repletion or satiety after meals
  • A sense of abdominal distension or ‘bloating’
  • Flatulence (burping, belching)
  • Vomiting of blood or blood in stools
  • If gastritis persists there may be eventual development of anemia

Articles you should read:

Ayurveda About Hyperacidity
Ayurvedic Treatment of Hyperacidity
Ayurvedic Supplements of Hyperacidity
Diet and Lifestyle Recommendation for Hyperacidity
Home Remedies for Hyperacidity


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