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Sign and Symptoms of Hepatitis
Hepatitis simply means an inflammation of the liver without specifying a cause. It includes:
- Viral or bacterial infection of the liver
- Liver injury caused by toxin
- Liver damage caused by interrupted supply to liver
- An autoimmune disorder
- Trauma to the liver
The most common cause of liver is viral infection among these; Hepatitis A Virus, Hepatitis B Virus and Hepatitis C Virus are mostly responsible for it.
Hepatitis A: is caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), which lives in stools of an infected fellow. HAV is spread when someone ingests anything contaminated with HAV. As hepatitis A can be a mild infection, particularly in children, it's possible for some to be unaware that they have had the illness.
Hepatitis B: is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV produces a wide range of symptoms ranging from general malaise to chronic liver disease which can lead to liver cancer. HBV spreads through infected body fluids, such as blood, saliva, semen, vaginal fluids, tears, and urine. So the main paths are contaminated blood transfusion; sharing contaminated needles or syringes for injecting drugs; sexual activity with an HBV-infected person and from HBV-infected mothers to their newborn babies.
Hepatitis C: is spread by direct contact with an infected person's blood. Symptoms of hepatitis C virus can be similar to those of hepatitis A and B viruses. However, infection with HCV can lead to chronic liver disease. The hepatitis C virus spread by sharing drug needles; getting a tattoo or body piercing with unsterilized tools; blood transfusions; from mother to newborn and sexual contact.
Signs and Symptoms
In early stage Hepatitis may cause flu-like symptoms which include:
- Loss of appetite
- Muscle aches
- Malaise (Feeling of being ill)
- Jaundice (yellow pigmentation of skin and whites of eyes)
There are chances that a fellow is infected with the hepatitis virus still he is not having any sign and symptom. Children with hepatitis A generally have mild or no symptoms. With progression; there will the signs and symptoms of hepatitis which clearly indicate towards the involvement of liver in the disease process. These include:
- A bitter taste in the mouth
- Foul breath
- Dark or "tea-colored" urine
- White, light, or "clay-colored" stools
- Abdominal pain might be there. Generally it is felt below the right ribs (in the area of liver) or below the left ribs (in area of spleen).
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