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Sign and Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
About 90 percent Fibromyalgia patients are women; however, men and children also can be affected. Most people are diagnosed between 35-57, although the symptoms often become present earlier in life. People with certain rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus (commonly called lupus), or ankylosing spondylitis (spinal arthritis) may be more likely to have Fibromyalgia, too.
Symptoms of Fibromyalgia:-
- Body stiffness
- Muscular spasm
- Mental and/or emotional disturbances
- Poor concentration,
- Mood changes
- Loss of appetite
- Numbness and prickling pain in hand and leg
- Weakness in the limbs
Other symptoms of fibromyalgia include migraine and tension headaches, abdominal pain related to irritable bowel syndrome ("spastic colon"), and irritable bladder, causing painful and frequent urination. Like fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome can cause chronic abdominal pain and other bowel disturbances without detectable inflammation of the stomach or the intestines.
Fibromyalgia is difficult and no confirmatory laboratory tests are available, patients with fibromyalgia are often misdiagnosed as having depression as their primary underlying problem. Each patient with fibromyalgia is unique. Any of the above symptoms can occur intermittently and in different combinations.
Tender points:- Fibromyalgia "tender points" are sometimes incorrectly referred to as "trigger points," which is terminology that is used to describe a situation whereby pressing on certain trigger points can initiate a sequence of symptoms. This is not the case with fibromyalgia tender points, which are chronically a focus of pain and tenderness in the particular area involved. "Tender points" are localized areas of the body that are tender to light touch. Fibromyalgia tender points, or pressure points, are commonly found around the elbows, shoulders, knees, hips, back of the head, and the sides of the breastbone.
Causes of fibromyalgia
The cause of fibromyalgia is currently unknown. However, several hypotheses have been developed including "central sensitization". This theory proposes that fibromyalgia patients have a lower threshold for pain because of increased sensitivity in the brain to pain signals.
- Genetic predisposition
- Dopamine dysfunction
- Abnormal serotonin metabolism
- Cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities
- Sympathetic hyperactivity
- Psychological factors
- Physical trauma
- Sleep disturbance
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