Sign and Symptoms of Diarrhoea

Diarrhoea has been defined an abnormal frequency and liquidity of fecal discharges. It is the passage of unformed stool. Diarrhoea is defined by the World Health Organization as having 3 or more loose or liquid stools per day, or as having more stools than is normal for that person. It is a common cause of death in developing countries and the second most common cause of infant deaths worldwide. The loss of fluids through diarrhoea can cause dehydration and electrolytes imbalances. Diarrohea is traditionally believed to be due to increased gut motility but decreased absorption of water,increased intestinal secrations, are responsible for many cases.

Diarrhoea is called Atisara in Ayurveda. Frequent passing of watery stools is the cardinal feature. According to Ayurveda, Diarrhoea results from the excess mass of stools and endotoxins (ama) in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and this excess is eliminated through the nearest outlet (rectum) as Diarrhoea. Digestive and excretory systems, the two parts of the GI tract called mahasrotas, influence each other. The common etiological factors in the diseases of these systems are dyspepsia and endotoxin.

Types  of Diarrohea

Two types of diarrohea according the duration

  • Acute Diarrhoea is usually caused by a bacterial, viral, or parasitic infection.
  •  Chronic Diarrhoea is usually related to a functional disorder such as irritable bowel syndrome or an intestinal disease such as Crohn’s disease.

According to Ayurveda There are broadly six types of Diarrhoea:

  • Diarrhoea due to the imbalance of vata (vata atisara)
  • Diarrhoea due to the imbalance of pitt (pitta atisara)
  • Diarrhoea due to the imbalance of kapha (kapha atisar )
  • Diarrhoea due to imbalance of tridosa (sannipata atisara)
  • Diarrhoea due to emotional disturbances sokaja including bhayaja)
  • Diarrhoea due to the imbalance of and due to enterotoxin (ama atisara )

Causes of diarrohea

The most common causes of Diarrhoea include the following:

  • Bacterial infections. Several types of bacteria consumed through contaminated food or water can cause Diarrhoea. Common culprits includeCampylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, and Escherichia coli (E. coli).
  • Viral infections. Many viruses cause Diarrhoea, including rotavirus, norovirus, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, and viral hepatitis. Infection with the rotavirus is the most common cause of acute Diarrhoea in children. Rotavirus Diarrhoea usually resolves in 3 to 7 days but can cause problems digesting lactose for up to a month or longer.
  • Parasites. Parasites can enter the body through food or water and settle in the digestive system. Parasites that cause Diarrhoea include Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica, and Cryptosporidium.
  • Functional bowel disorders. Diarrhoea can be a symptom of irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Intestinal diseases. Inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and celiac disease often lead to Diarrhoea.
  • Food intolerances and sensitivities. Some people have difficulty digesting certain ingredients, such as lactose, the sugar found in milk and milk products. Some people may have Diarrhoea if they eat certain types of sugar substitutes in excessive quantities.
  • Reaction to medicines. Antibiotics, cancer drugs, and antacids containing magnesium can all cause Diarrhoea.
  • Use of Infected food and water
  • Stress or Anxiety are also the main cause of diarrohea. .In some people the fear of taking an examination or an interview produces diarrohea.

Symptoms of Diarrohea

  • General body malaise
  • Pricking pain in epigastrium, umbilical region
  • Constipation
  • Obstruction in flatus movement;
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Indigestion
  • Watery and liquid stools
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • Dry skin and hair
  • Dark urine

Diagnostic tests to find the cause of Diarrhoea may include the following:

  • Medical history and physical examination. The doctor will ask about eating habits and medication use and will perform a physical examination to look for signs of illness.
  • Stool culture. A sample of stool is analyzed in a laboratory to check for bacteria, parasites, or other signs of disease and infection.
  • Blood tests. Blood tests can be helpful in ruling out certain diseases.
  • Fasting tests. To find out if a food intolerance or allergy is causing the Diarrhoea, the doctor may ask a person to avoid foods with lactose, carbohydrates, wheat, or other ingredients to see whether the Diarrhoea responds to a change in diet.
  • Sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. These tests may be used to look for signs of intestinal diseases that cause chronic Diarrhoea. For sigmoidoscopy, the doctor uses a thin, flexible, lighted tube with a lens on the end to look at the inside of the rectum and lower part of the colon. Colonoscopy is similar to sigmoidoscopy, but it allows the doctor to view the entire colon

Articles you should read:

Ayurveda About Diarrohea
Ayurvedic Treatment of Diarrohea
Ayurvedic Supplements of Diarrohea
Recommendation for Diarrohea
Home Remedies for Diarrohea


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